Toyota Motor Corporation delivered the first fuel cell bus (FC bus) sold under the Toyota brand to the Bureau of Transportation of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government. This FC bus (model name: Toyota FC Bus) will be put into operation as a Toei route bus in March along with a second bus that is scheduled for delivery in the same month.
Toyota plans to introduce over 100 FC buses mainly within the Tokyo area, ahead of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games. The increased use of FC buses in urban areas is expected to help raise the level of understanding by the general public regarding the use of FC buses as a form of public transportation.
The Toyota Fuel Cell System, which was developed for the Mirai fuel cell vehicle, has been adopted to provide better energy efficiency in comparison with internal combustion engines, as well as to deliver superior environmental performance with no CO2 emissions or Substances of Concern (SoC) emitted when driving. In addition, the FC Bus is compliant with Non-Step Standards2, making for easy boarding and exiting by elderly people and young children.
The bus also uses a high-capacity external power supply system. With a power supply capable of a 9 kW3 maximum output, and a large capacity of electricity supply at 235 kWh, the FC bus can be used as a power source in the event of disasters, such as at evacuation sites such as in school gymnasiums5 or, its electricity supply can also be harnessed for home electric appliance use.
Development and demonstration tests of the Toyota FC Bus were conducted under the Next-Generation Energy and Social Systems Demonstration Project6 of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and the Low Carbon Technology Research and Development Program7 under the Ministry of Environment. It was then introduced under the Program for promoting low carbonization of local transportation8 of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT).
The Toyota Group considers the use of hydrogen to be a powerful source of energy for the future. Toyota has launched the Mirai FCV, while also engaging in the technological and product development of FC buses, fuel cell forklifts, as well as stationary fuel cells for use in homes. Going forward, the group will accelerate developments in a unified manner, so as to contribute to the realization of a hydrogen-based society.
Main specifications of the Toyota FC Bus (modified for Toei route bus)
|Vehicle||Length / width / height||10,555 / 2,490 / 3,340 mm|
|Capacity (seated, standing, and driver)||77 (26+50+1)|
|FC stack||Name||Toyota FC Stack|
|Type||Solid polymer electrolyte|
|Maximum output||114 kW × 2 units (155 PS × 2 units)|
|Maximum output||113 kW × 2 units (154 PS × 2 units)|
|Maximum torque||335 N-m × 2 (34.2 kgf-m × 2)|
|High-pressure hydrogen tank||Number of tanks||10|
|Nominal working pressure||70 MPa (approx. 700 bar)|
|Tank storage density||5.7 wt%|
|Tank internal volume||600 liters|
|Drive battery||Type||Nickel-metal hydride|
|High-capacity external power supply system||Maximum output||7.2 kW|
|Power supply amount||235 kWh|